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Dunning Syndrome: What It Is, Causes and Treatment

  The human being is an extremely complex being. Diseases, for example, are part of the lives of all of us and we are forced to live with them and to know them deeply to know how to treat and heal them. Even more so when it comes to the body of women, there are still certain conditions that we can not even imagine actually exist. They are those diseases that many spend a lifetime without knowing what it is, but there is still the possibility of encountering it throughout their lives. It is the case of rare diseases like Dunning’s syndrome , unknown to most people, but still exists and exactly why we need to talk about it.


What is Dunning Syndrome?


Dunning’s syndrome, also called partial type 2 lip dystrophy, is an extremely rare genetic disease that affects only women. It is caused by a mutation in the Blade A gene (LMNA), which is responsible, among other things, for encoding proteins in our body. Its main feature is the loss of fat from the hypodermis (or subcutaneous region of the skin) and the accumulation of fat in other areas of the body, such as the face. Women who have Dunning’s syndrome usually present resistance to insulin, which can lead to a host of other complications in their bodies. Signs that a woman has Dunning’s syndrome often appear along with the signs of puberty, and the sooner the diagnosis is made, the more likely the patient has to be effective.


Symptoms of Dunning Syndrome


As with many genetic diseases, there are several external aspects that make a person with Dunnigan syndrome easily recognizable. In addition, there are also the symptoms that this condition brings. They are:

Loss of fat in various regions of the body, especially in the buttocks;

Accumulation of fat in regions such as chin, large lips, and parts of the abdominal region;

Insulin resistance;

Muscular hypertrophy;

Deregulated menstrual cycle;


How is the Diagnosis Done?

A physician may suspect Dunning’s syndrome simply by observing the patient’s body, although certain tests may be requested to confirm the diagnosis as also there are advised pills for pregnancy as according to desire prescription. As we have already discussed earlier, the disease begins to manifest along with a woman’s puberty , and for this very reason, it is important to get the diagnosis as soon as the first suspicions arise. This way, it is easier for the doctor to indicate treatments that can help a woman during her life.


Dunnigan Syndrome Treatments


Like any other genetic disease, there is no cure for Dunnigan Syndrome, although there are ways to directly combat the symptoms of the disease and avoid possible complications. It is in these things that the treatment of Dunnigan syndrome focuses. Most of these treatments will focus on medications to prevent new diseases from arising, such as thiazolidinediones, for example. But there are also treatments that aim to lessen the damage caused by Dunnigan syndrome, as is the case of liposuction.



Liposuction is an alternative treatment for cases where there is excess fat accumulation. It is not an easy or inexpensive type of treatment, much less it will offer a definitive solution to the problem, but it can lessen the effects of excess localized fat on certain parts of the body. Which will do well not only physically for the woman, but also for her mental health, since the social difficulties imposed on this condition are also a problem.


Dunning Syndrome Complications


The changes that the disease causes in the accumulation of fat of the organism do not only cause external symptoms, but also has relation with several problems that the body of the affected woman can have. When there is no adequate treatment for the disease, several complications can arise, among them:

Diabetes Mellitus



Cardiac arrhythmias



How to Deal with Dunnigan Syndrome?


It is very common for people to see what is different with a certain air of distrust, which ends up becoming more potent in the phase of pre-adolescence or adolescence. For the girl who has Dunnigan’s syndrome, it can be very difficult to live with others , which can end up generating many psychological problems, such as antisocial behavior and even depression many times. Although it is a rare disease, it is necessary to know how to deal with this type of situation, because you never know when this can happen to us. So there are some steps that must be taken to deal with this type of situation. The first thing to do is to accept reality as it is. Unfortunately this condition exists and you are in a world where other people have different characteristics from yours. Supporting family and friends at this time is essential to make the person feel good, feel part of the world and have reason to smile. It is these people who can make a difference so that these social problems do not turn into even bigger problems and difficulties.

Of course, this is a process that takes time to work on, but it is necessary for the girl who has Dunning’s syndrome to lead a happy life. Rare diseases are hard to cope with, even more so when factors other than physical health are put into play. The social problems that illnesses that bring changes in the body cause end up also causing psychological problems and consequently bringing diseases that can be dangerous such as depression. Learning to live with Dunning syndrome requires not only a lot of effort on the part of the woman but also on the part of her family and the people close to her who need to be present and make the world of that person as pleasant as possible. It is not an easy task for either party, but it is necessary that all of them work together to improve the lives of those who have this condition.


What is the Waiting Limit for Normal Delivery?



The moment of childbirth usually carries a lot of anxiety, in addition to all the common physical symptoms. This mixture of feelings and emotions can make a woman not know exactly what to do at the moment, but having the right information and knowing how your body works can make the woman calm, more aware and decrease anxiety. Knowing, for example, what the weight limit is for normal birth, is important because the woman will know if the baby is close or not, and also know if she is waiting too long and what are the signs to go to maternity. That is why today’s text will speak about that which is the question of many women and which may help to reduce those anxiety symptoms that appear in the last weeks of pregnancy.


How to Count the Time of Pregnancy?


That sounds like a rather obvious question, but for first-time moms, no. It is very important to be aware of everything that happens during pregnancy, especially about how the gestation time is counted. After all, should we count the months or the weeks? The most correct is to calculate the weeks to be as accurate as possible, even because a gestation lasts around 40 weeks or 280 days.  Since this count, it can be done in some ways, the first of them occur from the first day of the last menstruation. It is from that date that doctors will begin to calculate the 40 weeks of pregnancy. The other form is through an exam called ultrasound, which is usually performed between 11 and 13 weeks. In this examination, the doctor analyzes some measurements and from the results, it is possible to establish with greater certainty the gestational time.


How Long Does a Gestation Last?


The duration of gestation is variable, after all, there are many internal and external factors that interfere in this calculation, but it is used as a basis that pregnancy lasts 40 weeks or 280 days. Talking in months its duration is 10 lunar months or 9 solar months plus 7 days. Therefore, a baby born less than 37 weeks is considered premature, as it has not yet fully developed and may present some postpartum complications. A baby born more than 42 weeks old is considered post-term, meaning that he waited too long to be born.

Just as in the case of preterm infants, post-term infants may also have major complications due to the time spent in the uterus. Ideally, the baby should be born between 37 and 42 weeks of pregnancy. In this way it will be considered a term pregnancy, when the birth occurs within the ideal time. Therefore, in order to know the waiting period for normal delivery, it is necessary to analyze each pregnancy individually, ideally it should not exceed 42 weeks, so you must always be in contact with your doctor, -natal to know if you have to make an induction or it is safe to wait for natural birth.


How Do I Know if I’m In Labor?



Many women are distressed when they think about the time they go into labor. But after all, how do you know if the time has really come? There are some symptoms that will indicate this. Unlike the contractions of Braxton-Hicks, training contractions, which are painless and do not have a frequency, the actual contraction is painful, regular and frequent and as time goes on that frequency and pain increase. Another sign that may indicate the onset of labor is the loss of the mucous plug , a brownish discharge that covers the cervix. The pregnant woman may also experience severe back pain and a strong colic similar to menstrual cramps. And finally, one of the best-known signs is the breach of the bag. When you feel these symptoms it is time to go to the maternity hospital, only a doctor can say with certainty if the time has really arrived or if you will have to wait a little longer.


Can I Not Go to Labor?


It is extremely difficult for a woman not to go into labor when labor is to be normal. This can happen when a cesarean is scheduled to happen in the beginning, in which case the woman can arrive on the scheduled day without having to go into labor. But when it’s supposed to be normal, labor is part of that moment, however long it takes for the symptoms to appear. Of course, there are exceptions, women who waited until 42 weeks and had to induce labor without presenting any symptoms. However, it is necessary to know that each pregnancy occurs in a way and that if everything is going to natural birth, labor will take place.


When Should I Worry About Time?


It is common to be anxious when it comes close to the DPP (Probable Birth Date) and the symptoms of labor have not yet appeared, doubts about the waiting time for normal delivery become more frequent and the fear of post birth -term too. Therefore, when she reaches the age of 39 weeks, the woman needs to be attentive to the signs of the body and constantly visiting the doctor. From that moment on, it is essential to know how long it is safe to wait and whether it will be necessary to induce labor. This will be decided by the doctor along with the pregnant woman. Although many women crave much for natural childbirth the baby’s health should be first in that moment.


Waiting is important


Although the ideal is that the baby is born between 37 and 42 weeks each gestation develops in a way and has its peculiarities. Only medical follow-up will tell you if there are problems in waiting, or not. Most of the time waiting is important, the baby is still growing in there, gaining weight, maturing and no matter how much the mother is anxious to meet the new family member it is necessary to respect his time. Do not worry in vain, talk to your doctor, the consultations at the end of gestation are very important and these conversations too!  Take all your doubts and try to stay calm, after all the anxiety can hurt and prolong this waiting even more. Every mother wants to see her son as soon as possible. They all want to know the face of that little person she’s been carrying for so many months in her womb. But it is not necessary to despair; the baby will arrive, sooner or later. And for a quiet baby to be born in a harmonious environment, it is necessary for the mother to be aware of the limit of normal delivery and why waiting is so important. There is no need to be anxious, you are sure to have many days with your baby and to accompany you in every transformation of your life. The main care is with the time of delivery and with a healthy baby birth.

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